There is a Serbian legend that says that once there were three suns, but dragon ate two. It would have eaten all three, if it wasn’t for a swallow who managed to hide the last, third one, under her wing.
This is why today we only have one sun.
Three suns rising over the snow covered land…
This phenomena is called “sun dogs” or “mock suns”, meteorological name parhelion (plural parhelia). This is an atmospheric phenomenon that consists of a bright spot to the left and/or right of the Sun. They often occur in pairs, one on each side of the Sun, mostly at sunrise or sunset. They can occur at any time during the year but are most prominent and striking during the winter.
I would here want to give the analysis of this legend.
Dragon eating two out of three suns
In Serbian folklore, snake and dragon are linked. Dragons are actually believed to be just very old very big snakes. They are both associated with the fire, the heat of the sun. This is because snakes only appear during the hottest part of the year, summer. If the appearance of the three suns on the horizon is the most common and most striking during the winter, then the appearance of the snakes (dragons) marks the end of the three suns season. From that moment on it is most likely that only one sun will rise every morning, the one that the snake (dragon) didn’t manage to eat.
Swallow saving the last, third, sun
In my post “Leto” i talked about the link between the return of the migratory birds and the beginning of the summer. I proposed that the Slavic word for summer “leto” actually comes from the word “let” meaning “flight”. When I was a kid, it was the arrival of swallows, of all other migratory birds, that was the definite sign that the winter was over. If the appearance of the three suns on the horizon is the most common and most striking during the winter, then the arrival of the swallows marks the end of the three suns season. From that moment on it is most likely that only one sun will rise every morning, the one hidden under the swallow’s wing.
So far so good.
But what about the the statement “once there were three suns”? Was there a time when three suns rising in the east was everyday occurrence? Well the rising of the three suns on the horizon is the most common and most striking during the winter. So there is a good chance then that the during the eternal winter of the last Ice Age, the three suns rising in the east was everyday occurrence.
Then the climate changes. The sun regained it’s heat. The dragon, which is in Serbian folklore symbol of the sun’s fire, sun’s heat, returns, and eats two out of the three suns. The birds, including swallows return to the land which is now green again, saving the last, third sun, from the dragon…
So is it possible that this legend is actually talking about the Last Ice Age, when every morning “three suns rose in the east”? If so it can be dated to the end of the Younger Dryas period, which lasted between 10,800 and 9500 BC. Well, as I already wrote in my posts about Montenegrian tumuluses, we have archaeological proof that the Irish Annals preserved 5000 years old stories about the migration of the R1b beaker people into Ireland. Also as I already wrote in my post “Dreamtime” we have proof that some of the Australian Aboriginal stories are over 40,000 years old. So I believe that it is possible that this Serbian legend could be over 10,000 years old memory of the last Ice Age, the time when there were three suns, before the raging dragon ate two…
What do you think?